Redwood Database

An index of all Redwood cultivars both in and out of commercial production.

Sequoia sempervirens ‘Balaton’

Coast Redwood

‘Balaton’ is a Sequoia sempervirens cultivar known for its exceptional cold hardiness. It was raised around 1915 at the Folly Arboretum, located on the northern shore of Lake Balaton in Hungary (Auders & Spicer 2012).

The Folly Arboretum benefits from a unique microclimate influenced by Lake Balaton, which creates conditions more similar to the Mediterranean region than the continental climate that dominates most of Hungary. This unusual microclimate allows the arboretum to cultivate a wide range of rare conifers from similar climatic zones, including Pinus monophylla, P. montezumae, Abies pinsapo, and Juniperus drupacea (personal observation, 2019).

The selection of ‘Balaton’ from this location suggests that it has adapted to the specific climatic conditions of the arboretum, which may contribute to its enhanced cold hardiness compared to other coast redwood cultivars or the typical form of the species.